Works Cited

Aimé Césaire, Cahier d’un retour au pays natal and “Gift of Tree Saps” in Aimé Césaire, The Collected Poetry, Translated and edited by Clayton Eshleman and Annette Smith, (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1983) ; and “Poetry and Knowledge” in Michael Richardson, ed., Refusal of the Shadow: Surrealism and the Caribbean. London: Verso, 1996.

Ada Ferrer, “Haiti, Free Soil, and Antislavery in the Revolutionary Atlantic.” American Historical Review 117:1 (2012); and “Talk About Haiti,” in Doris L. Garraway, ed.. Tree of Liberty: The Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World. Charlottesville: U. of VA Press, 2008

Doris L. Garraway, “‘Légitime Défense’: Universalism and Nationalism in the Discourse of the Haitian Revolution.”  In Garraway, ed., Tree of Liberty: Cultural Legacies of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World. Charlottesville: UVA, 2008.

Deborah Jenson, Beyond the Slave Narrative: Politics, Sex, and Manuscripts in the Haitian Revolution. Liverpool: Liverpool U. Press, 2011.

David Nicholls, From Dessalines to Duvalier: Race, Colour and National Independence in Haiti (New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1996 [1979])

Abelardo Vicioso, El freno hatero en la literatura dominicana. Santo Domingo: Editora de la UASD, 1983.

Keith L. Walker, “Art for Life’s Sake: Rituals and Rights of Self and Other in the Theater of Aimé Césaire” in Paul Carter Harrison et al., eds., Black Theatre: Ritual Performance in the African Diaspora. Philadelphia: Temple, 2002.

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